It is now a private resort with 26 bungalows. It also contains a small weather station
and a small landing strip Bird Island Airport which connects the island with Mahe.
It formerly was a coconut plantation, and cash crops such as papaya and cotton were also grown.
Bird Island was formerly known as "Ile aux Vaches" due to the numerous dugongs (sea cows)
that lived in nearby waters. Between 1896 and 1906, 17,000 tons of guano were removed from
the island and exported to Mauritius as fertilizer.
Bird Island is named in honour of its spectacular colony of around 700,000 pairs of Sooty Tern
that nest on the island. The birds arrive from late March, laying eggs in May and remaining until
October before leaving the island.
Bird Island is the northernmost island in the Seychelles archipelago, 60 miles from Mahe. The 0.70 kmē
coral island is known for its birdlife, including sooty terns, fairy terns and common noddies, and for
hawksbill and green turtles.